Strategy in Public Speaking : Analyzing Barak Hussein Obama I

Strategy in Public Speaking : Analyzing Barak Hussein Obama I

2014 Speach on Immigration Reform through Executive Order (14 : 57)

Seungmin Jung

Key Terms : undocumented immigrants,

  1. Get to the Point in Opening : “My fellow Americans, tonight I’d like to talk with you about immigration.”
  2. Provide brief Background Info + Provide a Positive Aspect of the Issue: “… For more than 200 years, our tradition of welcoming immigrants from around the world has given us a tremendous advantage over other nations. It’s kept us youthful, dynamic, and entrepreneurial. It has shaped our character as a people with limitless possibilities.”
  3. Characterize your Audience as Pro-active Choice-makers befitting a ‘Reformist’: “… People not trapped by our past, but able to remake ourselves as we choose.”
  4. Identify the Problem beginning with a Negative Turn + Insist Public Knowledge of the Problem : “But today, our immigration system is broken, and everybody knows it.”
    1. Provide Examples supporting the Existence of the Problem :
      1. “Families who enter our country the right way and play by the rules watch others flout the rules.”
      2. “Business owners who offer their wages good wages benefits see the competition exploit undocumented imigrants by paying them far less.”
    2. Position yourself alongside your Audience as Victims of the Problem + Set your Audience on a High Moral Pedestal :All of us take offense to anyone who reaps the rewards of living in America without taking on the responsibilities of living in America.”
    3. Characterize presumed Perpetrators of the Problem as also Victims of the Problem + Suggest that they also want the Problem solved  : “… And undocumented immigrants who desperately want to embrace those responsibilities see little option but to remain in the shadows, or risk their families being torn apart.”
      1. NOTICE : “undocumented immigrants” instead of “illegal immigrants”
  5. The Problem is not solved + Suggest Blame needs to be Assigned : “It’s been this way for decades. And for decades we haven’t done much about it.”
  6. Demonstrate the Existence of Personal Motivation to take action + Claim having taken action : “… When I took office, I committed to fixing this broken immigration system. And I began by doing what I could to secure our borders.”
  7. Demonstrate the Personal Efforts taken and Feats through Evidence : “Today we have more agents and technology deployed to secure our southern border than at any time in our history. And over the past six years illegal border crossings have been cut by more than half. Although this summer there was a brief spike in unaccompanied children being apprehended at our border, the number of such children is actually lower than it’s been in nearly two years. Overall the number of people trying to cross our border illegally is at its lowest level since the 1970s. Those are the facts.”
  8. Demonstrate Fairness and Reasonableness of your Solution/Alternative Plan + Admit that it is not Perfect + Demonstrate expected positive Effects of implementing your Plan : “Meanwhile, I worked with Congress on a comprehensive fix. And last year 68 Democrats, Republicans, and independents came together to pass a bipartisan bill in the Senate. It wasn’t perfect. It was a compromise. But it reflected common sense. It would have doubled the number of Border Patrol agents, while giving undocumented immigrants a pathway to citizenship, if they paid a fine, started paying their taxes and went to the back of the line. And independent experts said that it would help grow our economy and shrink our deficits.”
  9. Assign Blame for the Failures of Past Efforts made by Speaker on Republicans, despite its greatness + Claim your Solution would be supported by Both Parties : “Had the House of Representatitves allowed that kind of a bill a simple yes or no vote, it would have passed with support from both parties. And today it would be the law. But for a year and a half now, Republican leaders inteh House have refused to allow that simple vote. Now I continue to believe that the best way to solve this problem is by working together to pass that kind of common sense law. But until that happens, there are actions I have the legal authority to take as president, the same kinds of actions taken by Democratic and Republican presidents before me, that will help make our immigration system more fair and more just.”
  10. “Tonight I’m announcing those actions.”
    1. “Frist, we’ll build on our progress at the border with additional resources for our law enforcement personnel so that they can stem the flow of illegal crossings and speed the return of those who do cross over.”
    2. “Secon,d I’ll make it easier and faster for high-skilled immigrants, graduates and entrepreneurs to stay and contribute to our economy, as so many business leaders proposed.”
    3. “Third, We’ll take steps to deal responsibly with the millions of undocumented immigrants who already had lived in our country.”
      1. “I want to say more about this thrid issue, because it generates the most passion and controvers. Even as we are a nation of immigrants, we’re also a nation of laws, and I believe that they must be held accountable, especially those who may be dangerous”
      2. “That’s why over the past six years deportations of criminals are up 80 percent, and that’s why we’re going to keep focusing enforcement resources on actual threats to our security. Felons, not families. Criminals, not children. Gang members, not a mom who’s working hard to provide for her kids. We’ll prioritize, just like law enforcement does every day.”
      3. “But even as we focus on deporting criminals, the fact is millions of immigrants in every state, of every race and nationality still live here illegally.”
      4. “And let’s be honest, tracking down, rounding up and deporting millions of people isn’t realist. Anyone who suggests otherwise isn’t being straight with you. It’s not who we are as Americans.
      5. “After all, most of these immigrants have been here a long time. They work hard often in tough, low paying jobs. They support their families. They worship at our churches. Many of the kids are American born or spent most of their lives here. And their hopes, dreams, and patriotism are just like ours.
      6. “As my predecessor, President Bush, once put it, they are a part of American life.”
      7. “Now here is the thing.
  11. Positive Characterization of Illegal Immigrants :
    1. ….
  12. Assigning Blame
  13. :”For more than 200 years, our tradition of welcoming immigrants from around the world has given us a tremendous advantage over other nations” :
  14. Description of Immigration’s effect on US citizens
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  16. Characterization of US citizens
  17. Characterization of Illegal Immigrants
  18. Structure





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