Begging the Question Fallacies
This fallacy consists in either explicitly or implicitly asserting, in the premise of an argument, what is asserted in the conclusion of that argument. Therefore, begging the very question at issue.
Example #001 :
“well, simply because it is true”
Example #002 :
“This college is very paternalistic in its student policies, because they treat the students like children”
– mere repetition of claim without giving reasons
Example #003 :
“Mr. Goolsby cannot be regarded as an competent music critic because he is biased against all forms of modern, especially atonal, music. And the reason that he doesn’t like it is that he simply doesn’t have the background and ability to evaluate it properly”
– “does not have the background and ability to evaluate music properly” and “incompetent music critic” are identical claims.
Strategy in Responding :
- POINT OUT opponent’s “carelessness in attention” and “faulty memory”
- “despite the fact that our opponents are genuinely convinced of their assumption’s truth, it does not make it THE truth”
- “one’s personal beliefs or convictions concerning the truth of a claim cannot be used as evidence for the truth of that claim”
- GIVE AN ABSURD OR OBVIOUS INSTANCE OF Arguing in a Circle